Personal tools
You are here: Home Projects and Publications Recent Scientific publications

Recent Scientific publications



Archibald, S., Beckett, H., Bond, W.J., Coetsee, C., Druce, D.J. & Staver, A.C. 2017.  Interactions between fire and ecosystem processes. In: Conserving Africa's Mega-Diversity in the Anthropocene: the Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park Story edited by Cromsigt, J.P.G.M., Archibald, S. & Owen-Smith, N. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 233-264. (No e-version available)
Bond, W.J., Staver, A.D., Cramer, M.D., Wakeling, J.L., Midgley, J.J. & Balfour, D.A. 2017. Demographic bottlenecks and savanna tree abundance. In: Conserving Africa's Mega-Diversity in the Anthropocene: the Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park Story edited by Cromsigt, J.P.G.M., Archibald, S. & Owen-Smith, N. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 161-188.(No e-version available)
Charles-Dominique, T., Midgley, G.F. & Bond, W.J. 2017. Fire frequency filters species by bark traits in a savanna-forest mosaic. Journal of Vegetation Science early view.
Dabek, P., Ashworth, M.P., Witkowski, A., Li, C., Bornman, T.G., Gonçalves, V., Park, J. & Khim, J.S. 2017. Towards a multigene phylogeny of the Cymatosiraceae (Bacillariophyta, Ediophyceae) I: novel taxa within the subfamily cymatosiroideae based on molecular and morphological data. Journal of Phycology early view
Druce, D.J., Druce, H., te Beest, M., Cromsigt, J.P.G.M. & van Rensburg, S.J. 2017. Elephant management in the Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park. In: Conserving Africa's Mega-Diversity in the Anthropocene: the Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park Story edited by Cromsigt, J.P.G.M., Archibald, S. & Owen-Smith, N. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 336-357.(No e-version available)
Gamoyo, M., Reason, C.J.C. & Collins, C. 2017. A numerical investigation of the Southern Gyre using ROMS. Journal of Marine Systems 169:11-24.
Jewitt, D., Goodman, P.S., Erasmus, B.F.N., O'Connor, T.G. & Witkowski, E.T.F. 2017.  Planning for the Maintenance of Floristic Diversity in the Face of Land Cover and Climate Change. Environmental Management early view.
Jucker, T., Caspersen, J., Chave, J., Antin, C., Barbier, N., Bongers, F., Dalponte, M., van Ewijk, K.Y., Forrester, D.I., Haeni, M., Higgins, S I., Holdaway, R.J., Iida, Y., Lorimer, C., Marshall, P.L., Momo, S., Moncrieff, G.R., Ploton, P., Poorter, L., Abd Rahman, K., Schlund, M., Sonké, B., Sterck, F.J., Trugman, A.T., Usoltsev, V.A., Vanderwel, M.C., Waldner, P., Wedeux, B.M.M., Wirth, C., Wöll, H., Woods, M., Xiang, W., Zimmermann, N.E. & Coomes, D.A. 2016.  Allometric equations for integrating remote sensing imagery into forest monitoring programmes. Global Change Biology 23:177-190. 
Kruger, L.M., Charles-Dominique, T., Bond, W.J., Midgley, J.J.. Balfour, D.A. & Mkhwanazi, A. 2017. Woody plant traits and life-history strategies across disturbance gradients and biome boundaries in the Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park. In: Conserving Africa's Mega-Diversity in the Anthropocene: the Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park Story edited by Cromsigt, J.P.G.M., Archibald, S. & Owen-Smith, N. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 189-210.(No e-version available)
Louw, M.A., le Roux, P.C., Meyer-Milne, E. & Haussmann, N.S. 2017. Mammal burrowing in discrete landscape patches further increases soil and vegetation heterogeneity in an arid environment. Journal of Arid Environments 141:68-75.
Mander, M., Jewitt, G., Dini, J., Glenday, J., Blignaut, J., Hughes, D., Marais, C., Maze, K., van der Wall, B. & Mills, A. 2017. Modelling potential hydrological returns from investing in ecological infrastructure: Case studies from the Baviaanskloof-Tsitsikamma and uMngeni catchments, South Africa. Ecosystem Services early view.
O'Connor, T.G. 2017. Demography of woody species in a semi-arid African savanna reserve following the re-introduction of elephants. Acta Oecologica 78:61-70.
O'Connor, T.G. 2017. Minimum temperatures and frost at Grootfontein in the eastern Karoo, South Africa, over 98 years. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 72:39-46.

O'Connor, T.G. & Goodall, V.L. 2017. Population size structure of trees in a semi-arid African savanna: Species differ in vulnerability to a changing environment and reintroduction of elephants. Austral Ecology early view.
Power, S.C., Verboom, G.A., Bond, W.J. & Cramer, M.D. 2017. Environmental correlates of biome‐level floristic turnover in South Africa. Journal of Biogeography early view.
Rishworth, G.M., Perissinotto, R., Bornman, T.G. & Lemley, D.A. 2017. Peritidal stromatolites at the convergence of groundwater seepage and marine incursion: Patterns of salinity, temperature and nutrient variability. Journal of Marine Systems 167:68-77.
Rishworth, G.M., Perissinotto, R., Miranda, N.A.F., Bornman, T.G. & Steyn, P.-P. 2017. Phytoplankton community dynamics within peritidal pools associated with living stromatolites at the freshwater–marine
interface. Aquatic Science 79:357-370.
Rogers, A.D., Alvheim, O., Bemanaja, E., Benivary, D., Boersch-Supan, P., Bornman, T.G., Cedras, R., du Plessis, N., Gotheil, S., Heines, A., Kemp, K., Kristiansen, J., Letessier, T., Mangar, V., Mazungula, N., Mørk, T., Pinet, P., Pollard, R., Read, J. & Sonnekus, T. 2017. Pelagic communities of the South West Indian Ocean seamounts: R/V Dr Fridtjof Nansen Cruise 2009-410. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 136:5-35.
Sonnekus, M.J. Bornman, T.G. & Campbell, E.E. 2017. Phytoplankton and nutrient dynamics of six South West Indian Ocean seamounts.  Deep-Sea Research Part II 136:59-72.
Stevens, N., Lehmann, C.E.R., Murphy, B.P. & Durigan, G. 2016. Savanna woody encroachment is widespread across three continents.  Global Change Biology 23:235-244.

van der Merwe, H. & Geldenhuys, C. 2017. Proposed long-term monitoring protocol and applications for Aloidendron dichotomum populations. South African Journal of Botany. early view


 Abdalla, K., Chivenge, P., Everson, C., Mathieu, O., Thevenot, M. & Chaplot, V. 2016. Long-term annual burning of grassland increases CO2 emissions from soils. Geoderma 282:80-86.

Aiello-Lammens, M.E., Slingsby, J.A., Merow, C., Mollmann, H.K., Euston-Brown, D., Jones, C.S. & Silander Jr., J.A. 2016. Processes of community assembly in an environmentally heterogeneous, high biodiversity region. Ecography: pattern and diversity in ecology early view. Data
Ansorge, I.J., Brudrit, G., Brundrit, J., Dorrington, R., Fawcett, S., Gammon, D., Henry, T., Hermes, J., Hölscher, B., d’Hotman, J., Meiklejohn, I., Morris, T., Pinto, I., du Plessis, M., Roman, R., Saunders, C., Shabangu, F.W., de Vos, M., Walker, D.R. & Louw, G. 2016. SEAmester – South Africa’s first class afloat. South African Journal of Science 112:21-24.
Blignaut, J., Mander, M., Inglesi-Lotz, R., Glavan, J. & Parr, S. 2016. The amenity value of Abu Dhabi’s coastal and marine resources to its beach visitors. Ecosystem Services 19:32-41.

Bond, W.J. 2016. Ancient grasslands at risk. Science 351:120-122.
Bond, W.H. 2016. Seeing the grasslands through the trees – Response. Science 351(6277):1036-1037.

Bornman, T.G., Schmidt, J., Adams, J.B., Mfikili, A.N., Farre, R.E. & Smit, A.J. 2016. Relative sea-level rise and the potential for subsidence of the Swartkops Estuary intertidal salt marshes, South Africa. South African Journal of Botany 107:91-100.

Burkepile, D.E., Thompson, D.I., Fynn, R.W.S., Koerner, S.E., Eby, S., Govender, N., Hagenah, N., Lemoine, N.P., Matchett, K.J., Wilcox, K.R., Collins, S.L., Kirkman, K.P., Knapp, A.K. & Smith, M.D. 2016. Fire frequency drives habitat selection by a diverse herbivore guild impacting top-down control of plant communities in an African savanna. Oikos 125 (11) :1636-1646. Data 

Burkepile, D.E., Fynn, R.W.S., Thompson, D.I., Lemoine, N.P.,  Koerner, S.E., Eby, S., Hagenah, N., Wilcox, K.R., Collins, S.L., Kirkman, K.P., Knapp, A.K. & Smith, M.D. 2016. Herbivore size matters for productivity-richness relationships in African savannas. Journal of Ecology early view.
Chamane, S., Kirkman, K., Morris, C. & O’Connor, T. 2016. Effects of short duration, high density stocking on soil properties and plant species composition of a mesic grassland in South Africa. In: The Future Management of Grazing and Wild Lands in a High-Tech World, Proceedings of the 10th International Rangeland Congress, pp. 224-226.

Chambers, L.E., Barnard, P., Poloczanska, E.S., Hobday, A.J., Keatley, M.R., Allsopp, N. and Underhill, L.G., 2016. Southern Hemisphere biodiversity and global change: Data gaps and strategies. Austral Ecology42:20-30.

Charles-Dominique, T., Davies, T.J., Hempson, G.P., Bezeng, B.S., Daru, B.H., Kabongo, R.M., Maurin, O., Muasya, A.M., van der Bank, M. & Bond, W.J. 2016. Spiny plants, mammal browsers, and the origin of African savannas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113: E5572–E5579. 10.1073/pnas.1607493113

Clegg, B.W. & O’Connor, T.G. 2016. Harvesting and chewing as constraints to forage consumption by the African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana). Peer J 4:e2469.

Collins, C., Hermes, J.C., Roman, R.E. & Reason, C.J.C. 2016. First dedicated hydrographic survey of the Comoros Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research, Oceans 121:1291-1305.

Crookes, D.J. & Blignaut, J.N. 2016. Predator-prey analysis using system dynamics: an application to the steel industry. South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 19:733-746.

Davies, T.J., Daru, B.H., van der Bank, M., Maurin, O. & Bond, W.J. 2016. Multiple routes underground? Frost alone cannot explain the evolution of underground trees. New Phytologist 209:910-912.

Daru, B.H., van der Bank, M., Maurin, O., Yessoufou, K., Schaefer, H., Slingsby, J.A. & Davies, T.J. 2016. A novel phylogenetic regionalization of phytogeographical zones of southern Africa reveals their hidden evolutionary affinities. Journal of Biogeography 43:155-166.

Dilmahamod, A.F., Hermes, J.C. & Reason, C.J.C. 2016. Chlorophyll-a variability in the Seychelles-Chagos Thermocline Ridge: analysis of a coupled biophysical model. Journal of Marine Systems 154 Part B:220-232.

Douglas, C.M.S., Mulligan, M., Harrison, X.A., Henschel, J.R., Pettorelli, N. & Cowlishaw, G. 2016. Widespread dieback of riparian trees on adammed ephemeral river and evidence oflocal mitigation by tributary flows PeerJ 4:c2622.
Engelhard, G.H.T., Thurstan, R.H., MacKenzie, B.R., Alleway, H.K., Bannister, R.C.A., Cardinale, M., Clarke, M.W., Currie, J.C., Fortibuoni, T., Holm, P., Holt, S.J., Mazzoldi, C.,  Pinnegar, J.K., Raicevich, S., Volckaert, F.A.M., Klein, E.S. &  Lescrauwaet, A. 2016. ICES meets marine historical ecology: placing the history of fish and fisheries in current policy context. ICES Journal of Marine Science 73:1386-1403.

Esler, K.J., Downsborough, L., Roux, D.J., Blignaut, J., Milton, S., le Maitre, D. & de Wit, M.P. 2016. Interdisciplinary and multi-institutional higher learning: reflecting on a South African case study investigating complex and dynamic environmental challenges. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 19:76-86.

Everson, C.S. & Everson, T. 2016. The long-term effects of fire regime on primary production of montane grasslands in South Africa. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 33:33-41.

Fitchett, J., Grab, S.W. & Thompson, D.I. 2016. Temperature and tree age interact to increase mango yields in the Lowveld, South Africa.  South African Geographical Journal 98:105-117.

Fitchett, J.M., Hoogendoorn, G. & Swemmer, A.M. 2016. Economic costs of the 2012 floods on tourism in the Mopani District Municipality, South Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 71:187 - 194.

Halo, I., Dorrington, R., Bornman, T., de Villiers, S. & Fawcett, S. 2016. South Africa in the Antarctic Circumnavigation Expedition : a multi-institutional and interdisciplinary scientific project : commentary. South African Journal of Science 112:25-28.

 Heyns, E.R., Bernard, A.T.F., Richoux, N.B. & Götz, A. 2016. Depth-related distribution patterns of subtidal macrobenthos in a well-established marine protected area. Marine Biology 163:39.

Heyns-Veale, E.R., Bernard, A.T.F., Richoux, N.B., Parker, D., Langlois, T.J., Harvey, E.S. & Götz, A. Depth and habitat determine assemblage structure of South Africa’s warm-temperate reef fish. Marine Biology 163:158.

Higgins, S.I., Buitenwerf, R. & Moncrieff, G. 2016. Defining functional biomes and monitoring their change globally.  Global Chance Biology 22(11):3583-3593. 10.1111/gcb.13367

Holton, L., Deshayes, J., Backeberg, B.C. , Loveday, B.R., Hermes, J.C.  & Reason, C.J.C. 2016. Spatio-temporal characteristics of Agulhas leakage: a model inter-comparison study. Climate Dynamics: observational, theoretical and computational research on the climate system early view.

Hugo, W., Hobern, D., Kõljalg, U., Tuama, É.Ó. &  Saarenmaa, H. 2016. Global Infrastructures for Biodiversity Data and Services. In: The GEO Handbook on Biodiversity Observation Networks edited by Walters, M. & Scholes, R.J.  Springer International Publishing, 259-291. ISBN: 978-3-319-27286-3 (Print)  978-3-319-27288-7 (Online)

Hutchinson, K., Swart, S., Meijers, A., Ansorge, I. & Speich, S. 2016. Decadal-scale thermohaline variability in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean.  Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 121:3171-3189. 

Koopman, M.M. & de Jager, K. 2016. Archiving South African digital research data: how ready are we? South African Journal of Science 112:Art.#2015-0316.

Kopper, R.P., Karczmarski,L, du Preez, D. and Plön, S. 2016. Sixteen years later: occurrence, group size, and habitat use of humpback dolphins (Sousa plumbea) in Algoa Bay, South Africa.  Marine Mammal Science 32:490-507.

Le Bourgeois, T., Thompson, D.I., Guezou, A., Foxcroft, L.C., Grard, P., Taylor, R.W., Marshall, T. & Carrara, A. 2016. Using information technology, communication and citizen science in alien invasive plant management in Kruger National Park, South Africa. In: Botanists of the twenty-first century: roles, challenges and opportunities, proceedings of the UNESCO International conference, September 2014, Paris, France edited by Rakotoarisoa, N.R., Blackmore, S. & Riera, B. Paris, UNESCO, ISBN 978-92-3-100120-8, pp. 103-111.

Maas, M., Balvanera, P., Bourgeron, P., Equihua, M., Baudry, J., Dick, J., Forsius, M., Halada, L., Krauze, K., Nakaoka, M., Orenstein, D.E., Parr, T.W., Redman, C.L., Rozzi, R., Santos-Reis, M., Swemer, A.M. & Vădineanu. A. 2016. Changes in biodiversity and trade-offs among ecosystem services, stakeholders, and components of well-being: the contribution of the International Long-Term Ecological Research network (ILTER) to Programme on Ecosystem Change and Society (PECS). Ecology and Society 21:31.

Miller, E.T., Farine, D.B. & Trisos, C.H. 2016. Phylogenetic community structure metrics and null models: a review with new methods and software.  Ecography 39:001-017.
Miranda, N.A.F.G.M., Bornman, T.G., Bird, M.S. & Perissinotto, R. 2016. An invasive polychaete species found in living stromatolites. Aquatic Invasions 11:257-266.

Moncrieff, G.R., Bond, W.J. & Higgins, S.I. 2016. Revising the biome concept for understanding and predicting global change impacts. Journal of Biogeography 43:863-873..

Moncrieff, G.R. Scheiter, S., Langan, L., Trabucco, A. & Higgins, S.I. 2016. The future distribution of the savannah biome: model-based and biogeographic contingency. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 371(1703):20150311.

Morokong, T., Blignaut, J., Nkambule, N.P., Mudavanhu, S. & Vundla, T. 2016. Clearing invasive alien plants as a cost-effective strategy for water catchment management: The case of Olifants River catchment, South Africa. South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 19:774-787.

Mudavanhu, S., Blignaut, J., Nkambule, N.P., Morokong, T. & Vhundla, T. 2016. A cost benefit analysis of using Rooikrans as biomass feedstock for electricity generation: A case study of the De Hoop Nature reserve, South Africa. South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 19:788-813.

Muller, K., O’Connor, T.G. & Henschel, R.J. 2016. Impact of a severe frost event in 2014 on woody vegetation within the Nama-Karoo and semi-arid savanna biomes of South Africa.Journal of Arid Environments 133:112-121.

O’Keefe, K., Nippert, J.B. & Swemmer, A.M. 2016. Savanna tree seedlings are physiologically tolerant to nighttime freeze events. Frontiers in Plant Science 7:46.

Parker, D., Winker, H., Bernard, A.T.F. & Götz, A. 2016. Evaluating long-term monitoring of temperate reef fishes: A simulation testing framework to compare methods. Ecological Modelling 333:110.

Parker, D., Winker, H., Bernard, A.T.F., Heyns-Veale, E.R., Langlois, T.J., Harvey, E.S. & Götz, A. 2016. Insights from baited video sampling of temperate reef fishes: how biased are angling surveys? Fisheries Research 179:191-201.

 Pattrick, P., Strydom, N.A., Harris, L. & Goschen, W.S. 2016. Predicting spawning locations and modelling the spatial extent of post hatch areas for fishes in a shallow coastal habitat in South Africa.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 560:223-235.

Rishworth, G.M., van Elden, S., Perissinotto, R., Miranda, N.A.F., Steyn, P.-P. & Bornman, T.G. 2016. Environmental influences on living marine stromatolites: insights from benthic microalgal communities. Environmental Microbiology 18:503-513.

Rishworth, G.M., Perissinotto, R., Miranda, N.A., Bornman, T.G. and Steyn, P.P., Phytoplankton community dynamics within peritidal pools associated with living stromatolites at the freshwater–marine interface. Aquatic Sciences 1-14.

Sandberg, R.N., Allsopp, N. & Esler, K.J. 2016. The use of fynbos fragments by birds: stepping-stone habitats and resource refugia. Koedoe: African Protected Area Conservation and Science 58(1):a1321.

Skowno, A.L., Thompson, M.W., Hiestermann, J., Ripley, B., West, A.G. & Bond, W.J. 2016. Woodland expansion in South African grassy biomes based on satellite observations (1990-2013); general patterns and potential drivers. Global Change Biology early view

Smith, F.R. & Granger, J.E. 2016. Survival and life expectancy of the tree Protea roupelliae subsp. roupelliae in a montane grassland savanna: Effects of fire regime and plant structure.  Austral Ecology early view

Smith, M.D., Knapp, A.K., Collins, S.L., Burkepile, D.E., Kirkman, K.P., Koerner, S.E., Thompson, D.I., Blair, J.M., Burns, C.E., Eby, S., Forrestel, E.J., Fynn, R.W.S., Govender, N., Hagenah, N., Hoover, D.L. & Wilcox, K.R. 2016. Shared drivers but divergent ecological responses: insights from long-term experiments in Mesic Savanna Grasslands.  BioScience  66:666-682.

Stevens, N., Archibald, S.A., Nickless, A., Swemmer, A. & Scholes, R.J. 2015. Evidence for facultative deciduousness in Colophospermum mopane in semi-arid African savannas.  Austral Ecology 41:87-96.

Stevens, N., Erasmus, B.F.N., Archibald, S. & Bond, W.J. 2016. Woody encroachment over 70 years in South African savannahs: overgrazing, global change or extinction aftershock? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 371(1703):20150437 Data:

Treurnicht, M., Colville, J.F., Joppa, L.N., Huyser, O. & Manning. J. 2016. Counting complete? Finalising the plant inventory of a global biodiversity hotspot. PeerJ Preprints 4:e2573v1. 

Valverde, A., de Maayer, P., Oberholster, T.,  Henschel, J., Louw, M.K. & Cowan, D. 2016. Specific microbial communities associate with the rhizosphere of Welwitschia mirabilit, a living fossil. PLOS One 11(4):e0153353.

Van der Merwe, H., Rahlao, S.J., Hein. L. & Milton, S.J. 2016. Vegetation dynamics after experimental fire disturbance in arid Succulent Karoo, South Africa. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 33:131-135.

Van Heerden, J.H., Blignaut, J.N., Bohlmann, H.R., Cartwright, A., Diederichs, N. & Mander, M. 2016. The social and economic effects of a carbon tax in South Africa: a dynamic CGE modelling approach. South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 19:714-732.

Van Wilgen, N.J., Goodall, V., Holness,S., Chown, S.L. & McGeoch, M.A. 2016. Rising temperatures and changing rainfall patterns in South Africa’s national parks. International Journal of Climatology 36:706-721.

Verboom, G.A., Herron, M.L., Moncrieff, G.R. and Slingsby, J.A., 2016. Maintenance of species integrity in the context of a recent radiation: the case of Jamesbrittenia (Scrophulariaceae: Limoselleae) in southern Africa. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 182:115-139.

Vundla, T., Nkambule, N.P., Blignaut, J.N., Morokong, T. & Mudavanhu, S. 2016. The opportunity cost of not utilising the woody invasive alien plant species in the Kouga, Krom and Baviaans catchments in South Africa. South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 199:814-830.

Waller, P.A., Anderson, P.M.L., Holmes, O M. & Allsopp, N. 2016. Seedling recruitment responses to interventions in seed-based ecological restoration of Peninsula Shale Renosterveld, Cape Town. South African Journal of Botany 103:193-209.

Whitfield, A.K., James, N.C., Lamberth, S.J., Adams, J.B., Perissinotto, R., Rajkaran, A. & Bornman, T.G. 2016. The role of pioneers as indicators of biogeographic range expansion caused by global change in southern African coastal waters. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 172:1-16

Wigley, B. J., Slingsby, J. A., Díaz, S., Bond, W. J., Fritz, H. and Coetsee, C. 2016. Leaf traits of African woody savanna species across climate and soil fertility gradients: evidence for conservative vs. acquisitive resource use strategies. Journal of Ecology 104(5):1357-1369.

Zaloumis, N.P. & Bond, W.J. 2016. Reforestation or conservation? The attributes of old growth grasslands in South Africa. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 371(1703):20150310.


Bond, W.J. 2015. Fires in the Cenozoic: a late flowering of flammable ecosystems. Frontiers in Plant Science 5:749.

Burger, N. & Bond, W.J. 2015. Flammability traits of Cape shrubland species with different post-fire recruitment strategies. South African Journal of Botan101:40-48.

Charles-Dominique, T., Staver, A.C., Midgley, G.F. & Bond, W.J. 2015. Functional differentiation of biomes in an African savannah/forest mosaic. South African Journal of Botany 101:82-90.

Charles-Dominique, T., Beckett, H., Midgley, G.F. & Bond, W.J. 2015. Bud protection: a key trait for species sorting in a forest-savanna mosaic. New Phytologist 207:1052-1060.

Charles-Dominique, T., Midgley, G.F. & Bond, W.J. 2015. An index for assessing effectiveness of plant structural defences against mammal browsing. Plant Ecology 216:1433.

Coetsee, C., Bond, W.J. & Wigley, B.J. 2015. Forest and fynbos are alternative states on the same nutrient poor geological substrate. South African Journal of Botany  101:57-65.

De Vos, L., Watson, R.G.A., Götz, A. & Attwood, C.G. 2015. Baited remote underwater video system (BRUVs) survey of chondrichthyan diversity in False Bay, South Africa.   African Journal of Marine Science 37:209-218.

Du Toit, J.C.O., van den Berg, L. & O’Connor, T.G. 2015. A summary of rainfall at the Carnarvon Experiment Station, 1931-2013. Agric 25:27-35.

Du Toit, J.C.O., O’Connor, T.G. & van den Berg, L. 2015. Photographic evidence of fire-induced shifts from dwarf-shrub-to grass-dominated vegetation in Nama-Karoo. South African Journal of Botany 101:148-152.

Du Toit, J.C.O., Van den Berg, L. & O'Connor, T.G. 2015. Fire effects on vegetation in a grassy dwarf shrubland at a site in the eastern Karoo, South Africa. African Journal of Range & Forage Science 32:13-20.

Fitchett, J.M., Grab, S.W, Thompson, D.I. 2015. Plant phenology and climate change: progress in methodological approaches and application. Progress in Physical Geography 39:460-482.

Fitchett, J.M., Grab, S.W, Thompson, D.I. 2015. Temperature and tree age interact to increase mango yields in mid-latitude South Africa. South African Geographical Journal 98:105-117.

Goschen, W.S., Bornman, T.G., Deyzel, S.H.P. & Schumann, E.H. 2015. Coastal upwelling on the far eastern Agulhas Bank associated with large meanders in the Agulhas Current. Continental Shelf Research 101:34-46.

Granger, J.E. & O'Connor, T.G. 2015. Establishing Cynodon dactylon on mining tailings and mining-impacted soil of a copper–cobalt mine in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 32:173-182.

Gray, E.F. & Bond, W.J. 2015. Soil nutrients in an African forest/savannah mosaic: drivers or driven? South African Journal of Botany 101:66-72

Hempson, G.P., Archibald, S.; Bond, W.J.; Ellis, R.P.; Grant, C.C.; Kruger, F.J.; Kruger, L.M.; Moxley, C.; Owen-Smith, N.; Peele, M.J.S.; Smit, I.P.J. & Vickers, K.J. 2015. Ecology of grazing lawns in Africa. Biological Reviews 90:979-994.

Hempson, G.P., Archibald, S. & Bond, W.J. 2015.  A continent-wide assessment of the form and intensity of large mammal herbivory in Africa. Science 350:1056-1061.

Henschel, J.R. 2015. Locust times–monitoring populations and outbreak controls in relation to Karoo natural capital. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 70:135-143.

Jewitt, D., Goodman, P.S.; O'Connor, T.G. & Witkowski, E.T.F. 2015. Floristic composition in relation to environmental gradients across KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Austral Ecology 40:287-299.

Koper, R.P., Karczmarski, L., du Preez, D. and Plön, S. 2015. Sixteen years later: occurrence, group size, and habitat use of humpback dolphins (Sousa plumbea) in Algoa Bay, South Africa. Marine Mammal Science 32:490-507.

Kirkman, S.P., Yemane, D.; Atkinson, L.J.; Kathena, J.; Nsiangango, S. E.; Singh, L.; Axelsen, B.E. & Samaai,T. 2015. Regime shifts in demersal assemblages of the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem: a comparative assessment. Fisheries Oceanography 24:15 – 30.

Lamont, T., Hutchings, L., van den Berg, M.A., Goschen, W.S. & Barlow, R.G. 2015. Hydrographic variability in the St. Helena Bay region of the southern Benguela ecosystem. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 120:2920-2944.

Masubelele, M.L., Hoffman, M.T. & Bond, W.J. 2015. A repeat photograph analysis of long-term vegetation change in semi-arid South Africa in response to land use and climate. Journal of Vegetation Science 26:1013-1023.

Masubelele, M.L., Hoffman, M.T. & Bond, W.J. 2015. Biome stability and long-term vegetation change in the semi-arid, south-eastern interior of South Africa; a synthesis of repeat photo-monitoring studies. South African Journal of Botany 101:139-147.

Midgley, G.F. & Bond, W.J. 2015. Future of African terrestrial biodiversity and ecosystems under anthropogenic climate change. Nature Climate Change 5:823-829.

Molina-Venegas, R., Aparicio, A., Slingsby, J.A,;  Lavergne, S. & Arroyo, J. 2015. Investigating the evolutionary assembly of a Mediterranean biodiversity hotspot: deep phylogenetic signal in the distribution of eudicots across elevational belts. Journal of Biogeography 42:507-518.

Moncrieff, G.R., Hickler, T. & S.I. Higgins. 2015. Intercontinental divergence in the climate envelope of major plant biomes. Global Ecology and Biogeography 24: 324-334.

Moncrieff, G.R., Scheiter, S., Slingsby, J.A. & Higgins, S.I. 2015. Understanding global change impacts on South African biomes using Dynamic Vegetation Models. South African Journal of Botany 101:16-23. 

O’Connor, T.G. 2015. Long-term response of an herbaceous sward to reduced grazing pressure and rainfall variability in a semi-arid South African savannah. African Journal of Range & Forage Science 32:261-270.

Parker, D. & Booth, A.J. 2015. Aspects of the biology and life history of largespot pompano, Trachinotus botla, in South Africa. Marine & Freshwater Research 66: 247-255.

Pienaar, B., Thompson, D.I., Erasmus, B.F.N., Hill, T.R. & Witkowski, E.T.F. 2015. Evidence for climate-induced range shift in Brachystegia (miombo) woodland. South African Journal of Science 111:Art#2014-0280.

Potts, A.J., Moncrief, G.R., Bond, W.J. & Cowling, R.M. 2015. An operational framework for biome boundary research with examples from South Africa. South African Journal of Botany 101:5-15.

Potts, A.J., Bond, W.J. & Cowling, R.M. 2015. Understanding biome boundaries in South Africa. South African Journal of Botany 101:1-4.

 Potts, W.M., Götz, A. & James, N.C. 2015. Review of the projected impacts of climate change on coastal fishes in southern Africa. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries  25:603-630.

Seymour, C.L., Simmons, R.E., Joseph, G.S. & Slingsby, J.A. 2015. On bird functional diversity: species richness and functional differentiation show contrasting responses to rainfall and vegetation structure in an arid landscape. Ecosystems 18:971-984.

Shook, E., Wren, C., Marean, C.W., Potts, A.J., Franklin, J., Engelbrecht, F., O’Neal, D., Janssen, M., Fisher, E., Hill, K., Esler, K.J., Cowling, R.M., Scheiter, G. & Moncrieff, G. 2015. Paleoscape model of coastal South Africa during modern human origins: progress in scaling and coupling climate, vegetation, and agent-based models on XSEDE. Proceedings of the 2015 XSEDE Conference: Scientific Advancements Enabled by Enhanced Cyberinfrastructure:Article #2.

Soler, G.A., Edgar, G.J., Thomson, R.J., Kininmonth, S., Campbell, S.J., Dawson, T.P., Barrett, N.S., Bernard, A.T.F., Galván, D.E., Willis, T.J., Alexander, T.J., Stuart-Smith, R.D.  2015. Reef fishes at all trophic levels respond positively to effective Marine Protected Areas. PLoS ONE 10(10): e0140270.

Turnbull, L.A., Ozgul, A., Accouche, W., Baxter, R., ChongSeng, L., Currie, J.C., Doak, N., Hansen, D.M., Pistorius, P., Richards, H., van de Crommenacker, J., von Brandis, R., Fleischer-Dogley, F. & Bunbury, N. 2015. Persistence of distinctive morphotypes in the native range of the CITES-listed Aldabra giant tortoise. Ecology and Evolution 5:5499-5508.

Van der Merwe, H., Bezuidenhout, H. & Bradshaw, P.L. 2015. Landscape unit concept enabling management of a large conservation area: a case study of Tankwa Karoo National Park, South Africa. South African Journal of Botany 99:44-53.

Van Rooyen, M.W., Le Roux, A.; Geldenhuys, C.; Van Rooyen, N.; Broodryk, N.L. & Van der Merwe, H. 2015. Long-term vegetation dynamics (40 yr) in the Succulent Karoo, South Africa: effects of rainfall  and grazing. Applied Vegetation Science 18:311 – 322.

Van Wilgen, N.J., Goodall, V., Holness, S., Chown, S.L. & McGeoch, M.A. 2015. Rising temperatures and changing rainfall patterns in South Africa’s national parks. International Journal of Climatology 36:706-721.  

Veldman, J.W., Buisson, E., Durigan, G., Fernandes. G.W., Le Stradic, S., Mahy, G., Negreiros, D., Overbeck, G.E., Veldman, R.G., Zaloumis, N.P., Putz, F.E. & Bond, W.J. 2015. Toward an old-growth concept for grasslands, savannas, and woodlands. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 13:154-162. 

Veldman, J.W., Overbeck, G.E., Negreiros, D., Mahy, G., Le Stradic, S., Fernandes, G.W., Durigan, G., Buisson, E., Putz, F.E. & Bond, W.J. 2015. Tyranny of trees in Grassy Biomes. Science 347 (6221):484-485.

Veldman, J.W., Overbeck, G.E., Negreiros, D., Mahy, G., Le Stradic, S., Fernandes, G.W., Durigan, G., Buisson, E., Putz, F.E. & Bond, W.J. 2015. Where tree planting and forest expansion are bad for biodiversity and ecosystem services. BioScience 65: 1011-1018.

Wakeling, J.L., Bond, W.J.; Ghaui, M. & February, E.C. 2015. Grass competition and the savanna-grassland ‘treeline’: A question of root gaps? South African Journal of Botany 101:91-97.

Weidberg, N., Porri, F.; Von der Meden, C.E.O.; Jackson, J.M.;  Goschen, W. & McQuaid, C.D. 2015. Mechanisms of near-shore retention and offshore export of mussel larvae over the Agulhas Bank. Journal of Marine Systems 144:70 – 80.

Weyer, V.D., Granger, J.E., Hill, T.R. & O’Connor, T.G. 2015. Land transformation and its implication for biodiversity integrity and hydrological functioning from 1944 to 1999, Karkloof catchment, South Africa. African Biodiversity & Conservation 45(1): 1-13.



Ackerly, D.D., Stock, W.D., Slingsby, J.A. 2014. Geography, Climate, and biodiversity: the history and future of Mediterranean-type ecosystems. In Allsopp, N., Colville, J.F. and Verboom, G.A.(editors),Fynbos: Ecology, Evolution and Conservation in a Megadiverse Region. Oxford University Press, UK. Available from:

Allsopp, N., Anderson, P.M.L., Holmes, P.M., Melin, A. & O'Farrell, P.J. 2014. People, the Cape Floristic Region, and sustainability. In Allsopp, N., Colville, J.F. & Verboom, G.A.(editors), Fynbos: Ecology, Evolution and Conservation in a Megadiverse Region. Oxford University Press, UK. Available from:

Anderson, B., Allsopp, N., Ellis, A.G., Johnson, S.D.. Midgley, J.J., Pauw, A. & Rodger, J.D. 2014 Biotic Interactions. In Allsopp, N., Colville, J.F. and Verboom, G.A.(editors), Fynbos: Ecology, Evolution and Conservation in a Megadiverse Region. Oxford University Press, UK. Available from:

Bernard, ATF, Götz, A., Parker, D., Heyns, E., Halse, S.J., Riddin, N.A., Smith, M.K.S., Paterson, A.W., Winker, H., Fullwood, L., Langlois, T.J. & Harvey E.S. 2014. New possibilities for research on reef fish across the continental shelf of South Africa. South African Journal of Science 110:2 – 6. Available from:

Bond, W.J. 2014. Book Review: Forgotten grasslands of the South. Frontiers of Biogeography 6:97-98. Available from:

Bouchenak-Khelladi, Y., Slingsby, J.A., Verboom, G. A. & Bond, W.J. 2014. Diversification of C4 grasses (Poaceae) does not coincide with their ecological dominance. American Journal of Botany 101:300-307.

Chalmers, R., Oosthuizen, A.; Götz, A.; Paterson, A. & Sauer, W.H.H. 2014. Assessing the suitability of commercial fisheries data for local-scale marine spatial planning in South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science 36:467 – 480.

Collins, C., Hermes, J.C.  & Reason, C.J.C. 2014. Meso-scale activity in the Comoros Basin from satellite altimetry and a high resolution ocean circulation model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 119:4745 – 4760.

Davis, A.L.V., Swemmer, A.M.; Scholtz C.H.;  Deschodt, C.M. & Tshikae, B.P. 2014. Roles of environmental variables and land usage as drivers of dung beetle assemblage structure in mopane woodland . Austral Ecology 39:313 – 327.

De Vos, L.,  Götz, A.; Winker, H. & C.G. Attwood. 2014. Optimal BRUVs (baited remote underwater video system) survey design for reef fish monitoring in the Stilbaai Marine Protected Area. African Journal of Marine Science 36:1–10.

Du Toit, J.C.O. & O'Connor, T.G. 2014. Changes in rainfall pattern in the eastern Karoo, South Africa, over the past 123 years. Water SA 40:453–460.

Eby, S., Burkepile, Deron E.; Fynn, Richard W.S.; Burns, Catherine E.; Govender, Navashni; Hagenah, Nicole; Koerner, Sally E.; Matchett, Katherine J.; Thompson, Dave I.; Wilcox Kevin R.; Collins Scott L.; Kirkman, Kevin P.; Knapp, Alan K. & Smith, Melinda D. 2014. Loss of a large grazer impacts savanna grassland plant communities similarly in North America and South Africa. Oecologia 175:293–303.

Edgar, Graham J., Stuart-Smith, R.D.; Willis, T.J.; Kininmonth, S.; Baker, S.C.; Banks, S.; Barrett, N.S.; Becerro, M.A.; Bernard, A.T.F.; Berkhout, J.; Buxton, C.D.; Campbell, S.J.; Cooper, A.T.; Davey, M.; Edgar, S.C.; Försterra, G.; Galvan, D.E.; Irigoyen, A.J.; Kushner, D.J.; Moura, R.; Parnell, P.E.; Shears, N.T.; Soler, G.; Strain, E.M.A. & Thomson, R.J. 2014.Global conservation outcomes depend on marine protected areas with five key features. Nature 506:216–220.

Fitchett, J.M., Grab, S.W., Thompson, D.I. ; Roshan, G. 2014. Increasing frost risk associated with advanced citrus flowering dates in Kerman and Shiraz, Iran: 1960-2010. International Journal of Biometeorology 58:1811 – 1815.

Fitchett, J.M.,  Grab, S.W.; Thompson, D.I. & Roshan, G. 2014. Spatio-temporal variation in phenological response of citrus to climate change in Iran: 1960-2010.  Agricultural & Forest Meteorology 198/199:285 – 293.

Gordijn, P. & Ward, D. 2014. Fire can suppress the development of macrophyllous thickets. African Journal of Range & Forage Science 31:147 – 160.

Götz, A., Kerwath, S.E.; Samaai, T.; Da Silva, C. & Wilke, C.G. 2014. An exploratory investigation of the fish communities associated with reefs on the central Agulhas Bank, South Africa. African Zoology 49:253 – 264.

Kirkman, K.P., Collins, Scott L.; Smith, Melinda D.; Knapp, Alan K.; Burkepile, Deron E.; Burns, Catherine E.; Fynn, Richard W.S.; Hagenah, Nicole; Koerner, Sally E.; Matchett ,Katherine J.; Thompson, Dave I.; Wilcox, Kevin R. & Wragg, Peter D. 2014. Responses to fire differ between South African and North American grassland communities. Journal of Vegetation Science 25:793–804.

Koerner, S.E., Burkepile, D.E.; Fynn, R.W.S.; Burns, C.E.;.Eby, S.; Govender, N.; Hagenah, N.; Matchett ,K. J.; Thompson, D.I.; Wilcox, K.R.; Collins, S.L.; Kirkman, K.P.; Knapp, A.K. & Smith, M.D. 2014. Plant community response to loss of large herbivores differs between North American and South African savanna grasslands. Ecology 95:808 – 816.

Langrock, R., Hopcraft, J.G.C., Blackwell, P.G., Goodall, V., King, R., Niu, M., Patterson, T.A., Pedersen, M.W.,Skarin, A. & Schick, R.S. 2014. Modelling group dynamic animal movement. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 5:190-199.

Maurin, O., Davies, T.J.; Burrows, J.E.; Barnabas, H. D.; Yessoufou, K.; Muasya, A..; Van der Bank, M. & Bond, W.J. 2014. Savanna fire and the origins of the 'underground forests' of Africa. New Phytologist 204:201 – 214.

Moore, C., Cumming, G.S., Slingsby, J. & Grewar, J. 2014. Tracking socioeconomic vulnerability using network analysis: insights from an avian influenza outbreak in an ostrich production network. PlosONE9:e86973.

O'Connor, T.G., Puttick, J.R. & Hoffman, M.T. 2014. Bush encroachment in southern Africa: changes and causes. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 31:67-88.

O'Connor, T.G. & Page, B.R. 2014. Simplification of the composition, diversity and structure of woody vegetation on a semi-arid African savanna reserve following the re-introduction of elephants. Biological Conservation 180:122–133.

Owen-Smith, N. & Goodall, V. 2014. Coping with savanna seasonality: comparative daily activity patterns of African ungulates as revealed by GPS telemetry. Journal of Zoology 293:81-191.

Perissinotto R., Bornman T.G., Steyn P.-P., Miranda N.A.F., Dorrington R.A., Matcher G.F., Strydom N. & N. Peer. 2014. Tufa stromatolite ecosystems on the South African south coast. South African Journal of Science 110 (9/10): 8pp.

Porri, F., Jackson, J.M.; Von der Meden, C.E.O.; Weidberg, N. & McQuaid, C.D. 2014. The effect of mesoscale oceanographic features on the distribution of mussel larvae along the south coast of South Africa. Journal of Marine Systems 132:162–173.

Scogings, P.,  Siko, S. & Taylor, R. 2014. Calibration of a hand-held instrument for measuring condensed tannin concentration based on UV- and red-excited fluorescence. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 31:55 – 58.

Slingsby, J.A., Britton, M.N. & Verboom, G.A. 2014. Ecology limits the diversity of the Cape flora: phylogenetics and diversification of the genus Tetraria. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 72:61-70.

Slingsby, J.A., Ackerly, D.D., Latimer, A.M., Linder, H.P. & Pauw, A. 2014. The assembly and function of Cape plant communities in a changing world. In Allsopp, N., Colville, J.F. and Verboom, G.A.(editors),Fynbos: Ecology, Evolution and Conservation in a Megadiverse Region. Oxford University Press, UK. Available from:

Soderberg, K., Henschel, J.; Swarp, R.J. & Macko, S.A. 2014. Sulphur isotopes in the central Namib Desert ecosystem. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 69:217–223.

Stevens, N., Swemmer, A.M.; Ezzy, L. & Erasmus, B.F.N. 2014. Investigating potential determinants of the distribution limits of a savanna woody plant: Colophospermum mopane. Journal of Vegetation Science 25:363 – 373.

Trisos, C.H., Petchey, O.L & Tobias, J.A. 2014. Unraveling the interplay of community assembly processes acting on multiple niche axes across spatial scales. The American Naturalist 184:593-608.



Allsopp, N. 2013.  Adaptive management for complex communal rangelands in South Africa. African Journal of Range & Forage Science30:65-69.

Bailey, S.E. & James, N.C. 2013. Fish sampling in the marine-dominated Kariega Estuary, South Africa, using a demersal otter trawl: day/night effects. African Journal of Aquatic Science 38:115 – 120.

Beale, Colin M., Van Rensberg, S.; Bond, W.J.; Coughenour, M.; Fynn, R.; Gaylard, A.; Grant, R.; Harris, B.; Jones, T.; Mduma, S.; Owen-Smith, N. & Anthony R. E. Sinclair. 2013. Ten lessons for the conservation of African savannah ecosystems. Biological Conservation167:224-232.

Bernard, A.T.F., Götz, A., Kerwath, S.E. and Wilke, C.G.  2013. Observer bias and detection probability in underwater visual census of fish assemblages measured with independent double-observers. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 443:75- 84.

Burkepile, D.E., Burns. C.E.; Tambling, C.J.; Amendola, E.; Buis, G.M.; Govender, N.; Nelson, V.;Thompson, D.I.; Zinn A.D. & Smith, M.D. 2013. Habitat selection by large herbivores in a southern African savanna: the relative roles of bottom-up and top-down forces. Ecosphere 4:article 139.

Colgan, M.S. , Asner, G.P. &  Swemmer, T. 2013. Harvesting tree biomass at the stand level to assess the accuracy of field and airborne biomass estimation in savannas. Ecological Applications 23:1170 – 1184.

Currie, J.C., Lengaigne, M.; Vialard, J.; Kaplan, D.M.; Aumont, O.; Naqvi, S.W.A. & Maury, O. 2013. Indian Ocean Dipole and El Niño/Southern Oscillation impacts on regional chlorophyll anomalies in the Indian Ocean. Biogeosciences 10:6677  - 6698.

Field, J.G., Attwood, C.G.; Jarre, A.; Sink, K.; Atkinson, L.J. & Petersen, S. 2013. Cooperation between scientists, NGOs and industry in support of sustainable fisheries: the South African hake Merluccius spp. trawl fishery experience. Journal of Fish Biology 83:1019 – 1034.

Fleddum, A., Atkinson, L.J.; Field, J.C. & Shin, P. 2013. Changes in biological traits of macro-benthic communities subjected to different intensities of demersal trawling along the west coast of southern Africa. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom93:2027 – 2038.

Götz, A., Kerwath, S.E.  & Attwood, C.G. 2013. A step-by-step framework to assess benefits of established temperate marine protected areas. South African Journal of Science 109:36 – 44. Available from:

Gray, E. & Bond, W.J. 2013. Will woody plant encroachment impact the visitor experience and economy of conservation areas? Koedoe 55:1-9.

Hugo, W. 2013. A Maturity Model for Digital Data Centres. Data Science Journal Special Issue of the Proceedings of the 1st WDS Conference in Kyoto 2011. 12:189 – 192. Available from:

Hugo, W. 2013. New Ideas for Communities of Practice: Networks of Networks. South African Journal of Geomatics 2:175 – 188.  Available from:

James, N.C., Van Niekerk, L.; Whitfield, A.K.; Potts, W.M.; Götz, A. & A.W. Paterson. 2013. Effects of climate change on South African estuaries and associated fish species. Climate Research 57:233-248.

Kerwath, S.E., Wilke, C.G. & Götz, A.  2013. The effects of barotrauma on five South African line caught fishes. African Journal of Marine Science 35:243-252.

Kerwath, S.E., Winker, H.; Götz, A. & C.G. Attwood. 2013. Marine protected area improves yield without disadvantaging fishers. Nature Communications 4:Article 2347.

O’Connor, T.G. 2013. Termite mounds as browsing hotspots: an exception to the rule. Journal of Vegetation Science 24:211 – 213.

Pattrick, P., Strydom, N.A. & Goschen, W.S. 2013. Shallow water nearshore current dynamics in Algoa Bay, South Africa with notes on the implications for larval fish dispersal. African Journal of Marine Science 35:269 – 282.

Paxton, B.R., O’Brien, G.C., Slingsby, J.A. & Copin, R. 2013. Validation of the periodicity of growth increment deposition in otoliths from the larval and early juvenile stages of two cyprinids from the Orange–Vaal river system, South Africa. African Journal of Aquatic Science 38, Supplement 1:49-54.

Samuels, I., Allsopp, N. & Hoffman, M. T. 2013. How could herd mobility be used to manage resources and livestock grazing in semi-arid rangeland commons? African Journal of Range & Forage Science30:85-89.

Shiponeni, N., Carrick, P.J.; Allsopp, N. & Hoffman, M.T. 2013. Effects of root competition and soils on seedling establishment at the ecotone between an arid grassland and succulent shrubland in South Africa.Journal of Vegetation Science 25:402-410.

Smit, Albertus J., Roberts. M.; Anderson, R.J.; Dufois, F.; Dudley, S.F.J.; Bornman, T.G.; Olbers, J. & Bolton, J. J. 2013. A Coastal Seawater Temperature Dataset for Biogeographical Studies: Large Biases between In Situ and Remotely-Sensed Data Sets around the Coast of South Africa. PlosONE 8:e81944.

Valsecchi, V., Chase, B.M., Slingsby, J., Carr, A.S.; Quick, L.J., Meadows, M.E., Cheddadi, R. & Reimer, P.J. 2013. A high resolution 15,600-year pollen and microcharcoal record from the Cederberg Mountains, South Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 387:6-16.

Viljoen, J.A., Muasya, A.M., Barrett, R.L., Bruhl, J.J., Gibbs, A.K., Slingsby, J.A., Wilson, K.L. & Verboom, G.A. 2013. Radiation and repeated transoceanic dispersal of Schoeneae (Cyperaceae) through the southern hemisphere. American Journal of Botany 100:2494-2508.

Watt-Pringle, P.A., Cowley, P.D. & Götz, A. 2013. Residency and small-scale movement behaviour of three endemic sparid fishes in their shallow rocky subtidal nursery habitat, South Africa. African Zoology48:30 – 38.

Zachariades, C., Janse van Rensburg, S. & Arne B.R. Witt. 2013. Recent spread and new records of Chromolaena odorata in Africa. Proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on Biological Control and Management of Chromolaena odorata and other Eupatorieae, Nairobi, Kenya. Pp. 20-27.


Adams, J.B., Grobler, A.; Rowe, C.; Riddin, T.; Bornman, T.G. & Ayres, D.R. 2012. Plant traits and spread of the invasive salt marsh grass,Spartina alterniflora Loisel., in the Great Brak Estuary, South Africa.  African Journal of Marine Science 34:313-322.

Atkinson, L.J., Jarre, A.; Shannon, L.G. & Field, J.G. 2012. Evidence for shifts in demersal fish populations on the West Coast of South Africa: 1986 to 2009. In G.H. Kruse, H.I. Browman, K.L.

Cochrane, D. Evans, G.S. Jamieson, P.A. Livingston, D. Woodby and C.I. Zhang (eds.) Global Progress in Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management. Alaska Sea Grant, University of Alaska Fairbanks. Pp. 45 – 64.

Bernard, A.T.F. & Götz, A. 2012. Bait increases the precision in count data from remote underwater video for most subtidal reef fish in the warm-temperate Agulhas Bioregion. Marine Ecology Progress Series471:235 – 252.

Bernard, A.T.F.; Götz, A., Kerwath, S.E. & Wilke, C.G.  Observer bias and detection probability in underwater visual census of fish assemblages measured with independent double-observers. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 443: 75-84.

Chirima, G.J., Owen-Smith, N. & Erasmus, B.F.N. 2012. Changing distribution of larger ungulates in the Kruger National Park from ecological aerial survey data. Koedoe 54:11 pages.

Clegg, B.W. & O Connor, T.G. 2012. The vegetation of Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve, south-eastern Zimbabwe. African Journal of Range & Forage Science 29:109 – 131.

Collins, C., Reason, J.C. & Hermes, J.C. 2012. Scatterometer and reanalysis wind products over the western tropical Indian Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research 117:16 pages.

Davis, A.L.V., Scholtz, C.H. & Swemmer, A.M. 2012. Effects of land usage on dung beetle assemblage structure: Kruger National Park versus adjacent farmland in South Africa. Journal of Insect Conservation16:399-411.

Goschen, W., Schumann, E.H.; Bernard, K.S.; Bailey, S.E. & Deyzel, S.H.P. 2012. Upwelling and ocean structures off Algoa Bay and the southeast coast of South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science34:525 – 536.

James, N.C., Götz, A., Potts, W.M. & Cowley, P.D. 2012. Temporal variability of a temperate fish assemblage in Africa's oldest marine protected area. African Journal of Marine Science 34:15-26.

Makhado, R.A., Potgieter, M.J.; Wessels, D.C.J.;  Saidi, A.T. & Masehela, K.K. 2012. Use of Mopane Woodland Resources and Associated Woodland Management Challenges in Rural Areas of South Africa. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 10:369 – 379. Available from:

 O' Connor, T.G. & Chamane, S.C. 2012. Bush clump succession in grassland in the Kei Road region of the eastern Cape, South Africa. African Journal of Range & Forage Science 29:133 – 146.

Owen-Smith, N., Goodall, V. & Fatti, P. 2012. Applying mixture models to derive activity states of large herbivores from movement rates obtained using GPS telemetry. Wildlife Research 39:452-462.

Rutherford, M.C., Powrie, L.W. & Thompson, D.I. 2012. Impacts of high utilisation pressure on biodiversity components in Colophospermum mopane savannah. African Journal of Range & Forage Science 29:1 – 11.

Schurr, F.M., Esler, K.J., Slingsby, J.A. & Allsopp, N. 2012. Fynbos Proteaceae as a model organism for biodiversity research and conservation. South African Journal of Science 108:10-13.

Solano-Fernandez, S., Attwood, C.G.; Chalmers, R.; Clark, B.M.; Cowley, P.D.; Fairweather, T.; Fennessy, S.T.; Götz, A.; Harrison, T.D.;  Kerwath, S.E.;  Lamberth, S.J.;  Mann, B.Q.;  Smale, M.J. & Swart, L. 2012. Assessment of the effectiveness of South Africa's marine protected areas at representing ichthyofaunal communities. Environmental Conservation 39:259-270.

Von Der Meden, C.E.O., Porri, F. & McQuaid, CD. 2012. New estimates of early post-settlement mortality for intertidal mussels show no relationship with meso-scale coastline topographic features. Marine Ecology Progress Series 463:193 – 204.

Wooldridge, T.H. & Deyzel, S.H.P. 2012. Variability in estuarine water temperature gradients and influence on the distribution of zooplankton: a biogeographical perspective. African Journal of Marine Science 34:465 – 477.



Atkinson, L.J., Leslie, R.W., Field, J.G. and Jarre, A. 2011. Changes in demersal fish assemblages on the west coast of South Africa 1986-2009. African Journal of Marine Science 33: 167-170.

Atkinson, L.J., Field, J.G. and Hutchings, L. 2011. Effects of demersal trawling along the west coast of southern Africa: multivariate analysis of benthic assemblages. Marine Ecology Progress Series 430:241-255.

Beal, L.M., De Ruijter, W.P.M., Biastoch, A., Zahn, R. & SCOR/WCRP/IAPSOWorking Group 136 (J. Hermes & T. Bornman are members of the working group). 2011. On the role of the Agulhas system in ocean circulation and climate. Nature 472:429-436.

Bernard, K.S., Goschen, W.S. & Hermes, J.C. 2011. Climate change and coastal upwelling: Potential implications for South African marine resources. from Section 4: States and trends in the aquatic environment. In: Observations on Environmental Change in South Africa. Zietsman, L. (ed.) Sun Press, Stellenbosch. Pp. 233-237.

Bernard, K.S. 2011. The impacts of ocean acidification on a keystone Southern Ocean species Section 4: Marine offshore environment. In: Observations on Environmental Change in South Africa. Zietsman, L. (ed.) Sun Press, Stellenbosch. Pp. 273-275.

Buitenwerf, R., Swemmer, A.M. & Peel, M.J.S. 2011. Long-term dynamics of herbaceous vegetation structure and composition in two African savanna reserves. Journal of Applied Ecology 48:238-246.

Cilliers, L., Hugo, W. Malan, N. 2011. Coastal Spatial Data Infrastructure in South Africa: the needs of a transforming society in a developing country. Proceedings of the CoastGIS 2011 Conference, Oostende, Belgium, September 2011. 2:143 – 155.

Cosa S., Mabinya, L.V.; Olaniran, A.O.; Okoh, O.O. , Bernard, K.S., Deyzel, S. & Okoh, A.I. 2011. Bioflocculant production by Virgibacillus sp. Rob Isolated from the bottom sediment of Algoa Bay in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Molecules 16:2431-2442.

De Villiers, A. & O’Connor, T.G. 2011. Effect of a single fire on woody vegetation in Catchment IX, Cathedral Peak, Kwazulu Natal-Drakensberg, following extended partial exclusion of fire. African Journal of Range & Forage Science 28:111 – 120.

February, E., Allsopp, N., Shabane, T. & Hattas, D. 2011. Coexistence of a C4 grass and a leaf succulent shrub in an arid ecosystem: the relationship between rooting depth, water and nitrogen. Plant and Soil349: 253–260.

Götz, A., Kerwath, S.E., Attwood, C.G. & Sauer, W.H.H. 2011. An alternative method for estimating the status of resident reef fish stocks, based on differential fishing effort across a marine reserve boundary. African Journal of Marine Science 33:107-113.

Götz, A. 2011. Using Marine Protected Areas as a tool for long-term monitoring of coastal marine biota. from Section 4: States and trends in the aquatic environment. In: Observations on Environmental Change in South Africa. Zietsman, L. (ed.) Sun Press, Stellenbosch. Pp. 238-241.

Hugo, W. & Goschen, W.S. 2011. Oceans Africa Data Archiving and Dissemination. Proceedings of the Joint Nansen-Tutu Scientific Opening Symposium & Oceans Africa meeting. Cape Town, December 2010. Pp. 63 – 66.

Hugo, W., Jensen, S.; Onsrud, H. & R. Ziegler. 2011. White Paper 3: Crowdsourcing and Environmental Science. Eye on Earth Summit, Abu Dhabi, December 2011. 42 pp.

James, N.C.  & Paterson, A.W. 2011. Estuaries and global change: with an emphasis on the ichthyofauna. Section 4: States and trends in the aquatic environment. In: Observations on Environmental Change in South Africa. Zietsman, L. (ed.) Sun Press, Stellenbosch. Pp. 183-186.

Knauer, K., Klein, D.; Allsopp, N.; Baumhauer, R. & Dech, S. 2011. Monitoring ecosystem health of Fynbos remnant vegetation in the City of Cape Town using remote sensing. Paper presented at the 37th SAAB conference, Rhodes University, 17 - 19 January 2011. South African Journal of Botany 77:572.

Makhado, R.A. & Saidi, A.T. 2011. Socio-economic and environmental significance of plantation forests in South Africa. Nature & Faune25(2):19 – 24. Available from:

Makhado, R.A., Saidi, A.T., Mantlana, B.K. & Mwayafu, M.D. 2011. Challenges of reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) on the African continent. South African Journal of Science 107:3-5. Available from:

Mulqueeny, C.M., Goodman, P.S. & O'Connor, T.G. 2011. Determinants of inter-annual variation in the area burnt in a semiarid African savanna. International Journal of Wildland Fire 20:532-539.

O’Connor, T.G., Martindale, G., Morris C. D., Short, A., Witkowski, E. T. F. and Scott-Shaw, R. 2011. Influence of grazing management on plant diversity of Highland Sourveld Grassland, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Rangeland Ecology & Management 4:196-207.

O'Connor, T.G. 2011. Afterword: SAEON's approach toward long-term environmental observation.  In: Observations on Environmental Change in South Africa. Zietsman, L. (ed.) Sun Press, Stellenbosch. Pp. 276-281.

O'Connor, T.G. 2011. Effective Ecological Monitoring. African Journal of Range & Forage Science 28:157 – 158.

Palmer, B.J., Hill, T.R., McGregor, G.K., Paterson, A.W. 2011. An assessment of coastal development and land use change using the DPSIR Framework: case studies from the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Coastal Management 39:158-174.

Pauw, J.C. 2011. Introduction in: Observations on Environmental Change in South Africa. Zietsman, L. (ed.) Sun Press, Stellenbosch. 303pp.

Reason, C.J.C. & Hermes, J. C. 2011. Climate change and variability in southern Africa and regional ocean influences . from Section 4: States and trends in the aquatic environment. In: Observations on Environmental Change in South Africa. Zietsman, L. (ed.) Sun Press, Stellenbosch. Pp. 270-273.

Roberts, M., Share, A., Johnson, A., Brundrit, G., Hermes, J., Bornman, T., Ansorge, I., Stander, J., Vousden, D., Valentine, H., and Rossouw, M. 2011. The grand challenge of developing in situ observational oceanography in South Africa. Proceedings of the Joint Nansen-Tutu Scientific Opening Symposium & Oceans Africa Meeting, Nansen-Tutu Centre for Marine Environmental Research, Cape Town, South Africa, July 2011. Pp. 49 – 60.

Shiponeni, N., Allsopp, N., Carrick, P. & Hoffman, M. T. 2011. Competitive interactions between grass and succulent shrubs at the ecotone between an arid grassland and a succulent shrubland in the Karoo. Plant Ecology 212:795-808.

Thompson, D., Mtshali, N.P., Ascough, G.D., Erwin, J.E. & Van Staden, J. 2011. Flowering control in Watsonia: Effects of corm size, temperature, photoperiod and irradiance. Scientia Horticulturae129:493-502.


Billaney, W., Swart, S., Hermes, J. & Reason, C.J.C.  2010. Variability of the Southern ocean fronts at the Greenwich Meridian. Journal of Marine Systems 82:304-310.

De Villiers, A. & O’Connor, T.G. 2010. Fire-mediated succession and reversion of woody vegetation in the KwaZulu-Natal Drakensberg, South Africa. Grassroots 10:18-21.  Available from:

James, N.C. & Harrison, T.D. 2010. A preliminary survey of the estuaries on the south-east coast of South Africa, Cape St Francis – Cape Padrone, with particular reference to the fish fauna. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 65:69-84.

Mulqueeny, C.M., Goodman, P.S. & O'Connor, T.G. 2010. Landscape-level differences in fire regime between block and patch-mosaic burning strategies in Mkuzi Game Reserve, South Africa. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 27:143-150.

O’Connor, T.G., Kuyler, P., Kirkman, K. & Corcoran, B. 2010. Which grazing management practices are most appropriate for maintaining biodiversity in South African grassland? African Journal of Range and Forage Science 27:67-76.

O’Connor, T.G., De Ridder, C.H. & Hobson, F.O. 2010. Aspects of the seed ecology of Acacia karroo in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 27:77-87.

O’Connor, T.G. 2010. Transformation of riparian forest to woodland in Mapungubwe National Park, South Africa, between 1990 and 2007.  Austral Ecology 35:778-786.

Ogunmwonyi, I.H., Mazomba N., Mabinya L.,  Ngwenya E.,  Green E.,  Akinpelu D.A. , Olaniran A.O., Bernard K. and Okoh A.I. 2010. Studies on the culturable marine actinomycetes isolated from the Nahoon beach in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. African Journal of Microbiology Research  4:2223-2230. Available from:

Palmer, B.J., McGregor, G.K., Hill, T.R., Paterson, A.W. 2010. A spatial assessment of coastal development and land use change in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. South African Geographical Journal 92:117-128.

Saidi, A. & Malivho, M. 2010. System inertia in the changing paradigm for biodiversity conservation in South Africa. Africa Insight 39:99-108. Available from:

Saidi, A. & Pauw, J.C. 2010. Regions and the environment: experiences of environmental research networks in southern Africa. South African Geographical Journal 92:63-79.

Saidi, A. 2010. Environmental Impact Assessment as a Policy Tool for Integrating Environmental Concerns in Development. Africa Institute of South Africa Policy Brief 1-7. Available from:

Sibanda, T., Mabinya, L.V., Mazomba, N., Akinpelu, D.A., Bernard, K., Olaniran, A.O. & Okoh, A.I. 2010. Antibiotic producing potentials of three freshwater Actinomycetes isolated from the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. International Journal of Molecular Science 11:2612-2623.

Thompson, D., Anderson, N. & Van Staden, J. 2010. Colchicine-induced somatic polyploids from in vitro-germinated seeds of South African Watsonia species. HortScience 45:1398-1402. Available from:



Bennett, R.H., Gotz, A.; Sauer, W.H.H.; Cowley, P.D. & Palmer, R.M. 2009. Optimisation of underwater visual census and controlled angling methods for monitoring subtidal temperate reef fish communities. African Journal of Marine Science 31:277-287.

Bernard, K.S. & Froneman, P.W. 2009. The sub-Antarctic euthecosome pteropod, Limacina retroversa: Discription patterns and trophic role. Deep-Sea Research I 56:582-598.

Götz, A., Kerwath, S.E., Attwood, C.G. & Sauer, W.H.H. 2009. A change of the seaward boundary of Goukamma Marine Protected Area could increase conservation and fishery benefits. South African Journal of Science 105:330-331. Available from:

Götz, A., Kerwath, S.E., Attwood, C.G. & Sauer, W.H.H. 2009. Effects of fishing on a temperate reef community in South Africa 1: ichthyofauna. African Journal of Marine Science 31:241-251.

Götz, A., Kerwath, S.E.; Attwood, C.G. & Sauer, W.H.H. 2009. Effects of fishing on a temperate reef community in South Africa 2: benthic invertebrates and algae. African Journal of Marine Science 31:253-262.

Hermes, J. C. & Reason, C.J.C.  2009. The sensitivity of the Seychelles–Chagos thermocline ridge to large-scale wind anomalies. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 66: 1455–1466.

Hermes, J. C. & Reason, C.J.C.  2009. Variability in sea-surface temperature and winds in the tropical south-east Atlantic Ocean and regional rainfall relationships. International Journal of Climatology 29:11-21.

Hugo, W. 2009. Beyond spatial data infrastructure: knowledge and process extensions. Ecological Circuits: Eco-informatics in Action 2:21-26. Available:

James, N.C.  Harrison, T.D. 2009. A preliminary survey of the estuaries on the south coast of South Africa, Robberg Peninsula – Cape St Francis, with particular reference to the fish fauna. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 64:14-31.

Laurent, C., Baudry, J., Berriet-Solliec, M., Kirsch, M., Perraud, D., Tinel, B., Trouvé, A., Allsopp, N., Bonnafous, P., Burel, F., Carneiro, MJ., Giraud, C., Labarthe, P., Matose, F., & Ricroch, A. 2009.  Pourquoi s'intéresser à la notion d' "evidence -based policy". Revue Tiers Monde200:853-873.

Palmer, R.M. & Snowball, J.D.  2009. The willingness to pay for dusky kob (Argyrosomus japonicus) re-seeding: Using recreational line fishing license fees to fund stock enhancement in South Africa. ICES Journal of Marine Science 66:839-843.

Saidi, A. 2009. Relationship between ethical and Islamic banking systems and its business management implications. South African Journal of Business Management 40:43-49. No DOI available

Te Beest, M., Stevens, N.; Olff, H. & Van der Putten, W.H. 2009. Plant–soil feedback induces shifts in biomass allocation in the invasive plant Chromolaena odorata. Journal of Ecology 97:1281 – 1290.

Vorwerk, P.D., Froneman, P.W., Paterson, A.W. & Whitfield, A.K. 2009. Increased abundance of two important sport fishery species following renewed river flow into a freshwater-deprived South African estuary. Fisheries Management and Ecology 16:420-423.

Wooldridge, T.H. & Deyzel, S.H.P. 2009. The subtidal macrozoobenthos of the river-dominated Breat Berg Estuary. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 64:204-218.

Wooldridge, T.H. & Deyzel, S.H.P. 2009. Temperature and salinity as abiotic drivers of zooplankton community dynamics in the Great Berg Estuary. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa. 64:219-237.



Ansorge, I.J., Roman, R.; Durgadoo, J.V.; Ryan P.G.; Dlamini, L.; Gehardt, S.; Rainiers, S.; Smith, M.; Mtonsti, T. & Lutjeharms, J.R.E. 2008. The first oceanographic survey of the Conrad Rise. South African Journal of Science 104:333-336.  Available from:

Botha, M.S., Carrick, P.J. & Allsopp, N. 2008. Capturing lessons from land-users to aid the development of ecological restoration guidelines for lowland Namaqualand.  Biological Conservation 141:885-895.

Götz, A., Kerwath, S.E., Attwood, C.G. & Sauer, W.H.H. 2008. Effects of fishing on population structure and life history of roman Chrysoblephus laticeps (Sparidae). Marine Ecology Progress Series 362:245-259.

Götz, A., Cowley, P.D. & Winker, H. 2008. Selected fishery and population parameters of eight shore-angling species in the Tsitsikamma National Park no-take marine reserve. African Journal of Marine Science 30:519-532.

Hermes, J. C. & Reason, C.J.C. 2008. Annual cycle of the South Indian Ocean (Seychelles-Chagos) thermocline ridge in a regional ocean model. Journal of Geophysical Research 113:C04035.

James, N.C., Whitfield, A.K. & Cowley, P.D. 2008. Preliminary indications of climate-induced change in a warm-temperate South African estuarine fish community. Journal of Fish Biology 72:1855-1863.

James, N.C. & Harrison, T.D. 2008. A preliminary survey of the estuaries on the south coast of South Africa, Cape St Blaize, Mossel Bay – Robberg Peninsula, Plettenberg Bay, with particular reference to the fish fauna. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 63:111-127.

James, N.C., Hall N.G., Beckley L.E., Mann B.Q. & Robertson W.D. 2008. Status of the estuarine-dependent riverbream Acanthopagrus berda (Sparidae) harvested by the multi-sectoral fishery in Kosi Bay, South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science 30:45-53.

Samuels, M.I., Allsopp, N. & Hoffman, T. 2008 Mobility patterns of livestock keepers in semi-arid communal rangelands of Namaqualand, South Africa.  Nomadic People 12:123-148.

Swemmer, A.M. & Knapp, A.K. 2008.  Defoliation synchronizes aboveground growth of co-occurring C4 grass species. Ecology89:2860-2867.

Vorwerk, P.D., Froneman, P.W.; Paterson, A.W.; Strydom, N.A. & Whitfield, A.K. 2008. Biological responses to a resumption in river flow in a freshwater-deprived, permanently open Southern African estuary. Water SA 34:597-604. .

Vorwerk, P.D., Froneman, P.W., Paterson, A.W. & Whitfield, A.K. 2008. Fish community response to increased river flow in the Kariega Estuary, a freshwater-deprived, permanently open southern African system. African Journal of Aquatic Science 33:189-200.

Whitfield, A.K., Adams, J.B., Bate, G.C., Bezuidenhout, K., Bornman, T.G., Cowley, P.D., Froneman, P.W., Gama, P.T., James, N.C., Mackenzie, B., Riddin. T., Snow, G.C., Strydom, N.A., Taljaard, S., Terörde, A.I., Theron, A.K., Turpie, J.K., van Niekerk, L., Vorwerk, P.D. & Wooldridge, T.H. 2008. A multidiscilinary study of a small, temporarily open/closed South African estuary, with particular emphasis on the influence of mouth state on the ecology of the system. African Journal of Marine Science 30:453-473.



Götz, A., Kerwath, S.E., Attwood, C.G. & Sauer, W.H.H. 2007. Comparison of the effects of different linefishing methods on catch composition and capture mortality of South African temperate reef fish. African Journal of Marine Science 29:177-185.

James, N.C., Cowley, P.D. & Whitfield, A.K. 2007. Abundance, recruitment and residency of two sparids in an intermittently open estuary in South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science 29:527-538.

Milton, S.J., Dean, W.R.J., O'Connor, T.G. & Mills, A.J. 2007. Scaling up from site-based research to a national research and monitoring network: lessons from Tierberg Karoo Research Centre  and other design considerations. South African Journal of Science 103:311-317. Available from:

Pauw, J.C., 2007. Reliable earth observation systems for science and sustainable development in southern Africa.  In: The Full Picture, pp 271-273. GEO Secretariat (eds). Group on Earth Observations (GEO), Geneva. ISBN 978-92-990047-0-8.

Swemmer, A.M., Knapp, A.K. & Snyman, H.A. 2007. Intra-seasonal precipitation patterns and above-ground productivity in three perennial grasslands. Journal of Ecology 95:780-788.

 Van Jaarsveld, A.S., Pauw, J.C., Mundree, S., Mecenero, S., Coetzee, B.W.T. & Alard, G.F. 2007. South African Environmental Observation Network: vision, design and status. South African Journal of Science103:289-294. Available from:



 Balfour, D.A. & Midgley, J.J. 2006. Fire induced stem death in an African acacia is not caused by canopy scorching. Austral Ecology 31:892–896.

Document Actions